By Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes
Even 100 years after its discovery, superconductivity keeps to convey us new surprises, from superconducting magnets utilized in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity provides a finished choice of issues on approximately the entire subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the old advancements in superconductivity, the ebook contains contributions from many pioneers who're chargeable for vital steps ahead within the field.
The textual content first discusses attention-grabbing tales of the invention and slow development of thought and experimentation. Emphasizing key advancements within the early Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties, the e-book appears at how superconductivity began to permeate society and the way so much of today’s purposes are in accordance with the ideas of these years. It additionally explores the real revolution that happened with the invention of extreme temperature superconductors, resulting in rising functions in strength garage and fusion reactors.
Superconductivity has develop into an enormous box and this full-color booklet exhibits how some distance it has are available in the prior a hundred years. besides reviewing major learn and experiments, major scientists proportion their perception and reviews operating during this intriguing and evolving area.
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Additional info for 100 years of superconductivity
Einstein, Annalen der Physik 22 (1907) 180-190 H. Kamerlingh Onnes, Proc. 13 (1911) 1107, Comm. 119b (Febr. 2: Set-up used in the first attempt (March 12, 1910) to transfer helium from the liquefier to a separate cryostat in which experiments could be done. The far right shows a drawing of the cryostat consisting of several containers of glass fitting inside one another. Most of the containers are in the form of a thermos bottle or Dewar (a double-walled glass container, pumped vacuum and usually covered with silver coatings on the inside walls; for visibility the coatings were not applied here).
The entry reads: “De meting van temperatuur is gelukt. Kwik nagenoeg nul. Herhaald met goud. (The temperature measurement was successful. [The resistance of] Mercury practically zero. Repeated with gold)”. That looks very much like the discovery of superconductivity. 1: A crucial page from the entry for 8 April 1911 in Kamerlingh Onnes’s notebook 56. 0 K]” announcing the first observation of superconductivity. The sketch of the functioning stirrer is seen on the left page. ) When Kamerlingh Onnes took lab notes, he always started by writing down the date.
Right panel (b): The resistance ratio of Pt and Au compared to that of mercury (Hg). I denotes the temperature range of liquid hydrogen, II that of liquid helium13 . temperature at the site of the measuring devices, was a stirrer connected to a magnet at the top of the cryostat that could be moved up and down by a motor. The action of valve and stirrer could be directly followed through uncoated strips in the silvered vacuum glasses. Kamerlingh Onnes wrote “Niveau (van helium) vlak onder bovenrand pompje (= de roerder).
100 years of superconductivity by Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes