By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee to Review the Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring Program
This document presents tips to the Gulf environment tracking (GEM) application to assist make sure that it truly is in line with a a technology plan that's powerful, far-reaching, and scientifically sound. The document commends the Trustee Council for its foresight in environment apart money to create a belief fund to supply long term study help; it notes that the GEM application bargains an remarkable chance to extend figuring out of the way huge marine ecosystems functionality and alter over the years. The record outlines parts of a legitimate long term technological know-how plan, together with conceptual starting place, scope and geographic concentration, organizational constitution, neighborhood involvement, facts and data administration, and synthesis, modeling, and overview
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Additional info for A Century of Ecosystem Science:: Planning Long-Term Research in the Gulf of Alaska
It is necessary to identify that portion of an ecosystem that can be monitored with sufficient intensity to provide the density of measurements needed to identify change at the desired level of scientific confidence. The Exxon Valdez oil spill affected Prince William Sound, the northern and western Gulf of Alaska, and lower Cook Inlet. Selecting an appropriate subset of the northern Gulf and its adjacent waters that can be studied over the long term as a connected whole will challenge the GEM program.
The plan could foster research in smaller areas that are believed to be representative of a broader region or habitat type. 3. Species. The plan could focus on one or a few species throughout the geographic area. 4. Hypotheses. The plan could target research toward a restricted hypothesis, for instance, taking measurements that would support or disprove the Pacific Decadal Oscillation as a cyclic climatic shift. 5. Time. The plan could incorporate intentions to develop research projects in different areas over time.
Instead, the GEM conceptual foundation needs to incorporate the sense that marine ecosystems (processes and taxa) change in response to physical and biological changes and human impacts, as is clearly expressed in the mission statement. Even if the same endpoints for monitoring could be reached by choosing variables to measure in the absence of a broad conceptual foundation (NRC, 1995), it would be difficult to justify them without a conceptual foundation that provides the broad context and helps illustrate relationships.
A Century of Ecosystem Science:: Planning Long-Term Research in the Gulf of Alaska by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee to Review the Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring Program