By M. Houngnikpo
Matt Houngnikpo examines how household clash, financial stagnation, political instability, poverty, and underdevelopment have plagued Africa for many years. He argues reversal of the political, monetary, and social plight of Africa lies in larger regulations, solid governance, and, extra importantly, a brand new kind of African chief and citizen.
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Additional info for Africa's Elusive Quest for Development
Political sovereignty and the mystique of independence obscured the fact that the road ahead would be very difficult. Against their will, European powers relinquished their political control of their former colonies. However, their departure was only replaced with two successive generations of leaders. The very first generation of postindependence African leaders was too concerned with self-determination or independence to realize the type of freedom it was being given. African nationalists who took over sought state power as a means of transferring control of political office and economic resources from foreigners to Africans.
However costly and perilous imperialism was, it had to continue, for without it Europe might face a difficult future. With such a new understanding of the role and importance of territories or colonies for 22 AFRICA’S ELUSIVE QUEST FOR DEVELOPMENT European economies, the race was on for more and more land. Economic imperialism rendered colonizing Africa a necessity. The conquest of the continent got a privileged place on the agendas of European nations. Old rivalries resurfaced, manifesting themselves in their desperate attempts to send colonial expeditions to the most remote areas of Africa to secure colonies.
Although there is room for cautious optimism, the realities of Africa’s political conundrum and economic plight, coupled with foreign powers’ interests on the continent, might undermine democratic efforts in Africa. After several decades of mismanagement, corruption, and a leadership lacking both vision and compass, Africa finally embarked on a democratic path in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Thanks to civil society’s resilience, but most importantly to the military’s cooperation, one-party regimes had to relax their grip on power.
Africa's Elusive Quest for Development by M. Houngnikpo