By Saint Basil of Caesarea
Basil of Caesarea is taken into account one of many architects of the Pro-Nicene Trinitarian doctrine followed on the Council of Constantinople in 381, which jap and western Christians to today profess as "orthodox." Nowhere is his Trinitarian theology extra essentially expressed than in his first significant doctrinal paintings, opposed to Eunomius, complete in 364 or 365 CE. Responding to Eunomius, whose Apology gave renewed impetus to a practice of starkly subordinationist Trinitarian theology that might live on for many years, Basil's opposed to Eunomius displays the serious controversy raging at the moment between Christians around the Mediterranean international over who God is. during this treatise, Basil makes an attempt to articulate a theology either one of God's unitary essence and of the exact beneficial properties that signify the daddy, Son, and Holy Spirit--a contrast that a few hail because the cornerstone of "Cappadocian" theology. In opposed to Eunomius, we see the conflict now not easily of 2 dogmatic positions at the doctrine of the Trinity, yet of 2 essentially antagonistic theological tools. Basil's treatise is as a lot approximately how theology must be performed and what people can and can't learn about God because it is ready the exposition of Trinitarian doctrine. therefore opposed to Eunomius marks a turning element within the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century, for the 1st time addressing the methodological and epistemological ameliorations that gave upward thrust to theological adjustments. Amidst the polemical vitriol of opposed to Eunomius is a decision to epistemological humility at the a part of the theologian, a decision to acknowledge the restrictions of even the simplest theology. whereas Basil subtle his theology in the course of the process his profession, opposed to Eunomius continues to be a testomony to his early theological improvement and a privileged window into the Trinitarian controversies of the mid-fourth century.
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Additional resources for Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church)
It will be helpful first to give an overview of four fundamental themes in Basil's response to Eunomius: Synopsis: The Major Arguments ofAgainst Eunomius When one considers the contentious and unsystematic character of this text, it is easy to assume that Basil simply talks past Eunomius, making counter-assertions rather than arguments. There is certainly some of that in this text. Indeed, when he denounces Eunomius's ideas as insane and his arguments as based on false pretenses, Basil himself lends support to the notion that the opposition's theology is so warped as to be incommensurable with what Basil takes to be right thinking.
Attacking Eunomius on this point. to perceive that the debate is not about the words of the creed Itself, but about how they are interpreted through additional, more con~oversial claims. The debate is not, then, a clash of creeds, but of mterpretations of creeds (which are in tum assumed to be interpretations of scripture). e different creeds, but we should not be distracted by Vlewmg thiS as a debate about the famous catchwords like homoousios ("same in substance") or homoiousios ("like in substance") versus hetrMOusios ("different in substance").
A jar qua material substrate is a bit of matter or a bit of clay. 135; Themistius, in Ph. 125, 31; 157, 17-18; 162,25-26 Schenkl. 282. Reinhard Hubner, "Gregor von Nyssa als Vorfasser der Sog. Ep. 38 des Basilius: Zum unterschiedlichen Verstandnis der ouala bei den kappadozischen Brudern," in Jacques Fontaine and Charles Kannengiesser, eds. Epektasis: Melanges Patristiques Offertes au Cardinal Jean Daniilou (Paris: Beauschesne, 1972), 463-90. For criticism, see David C. Robertson, "Stoic and Aristotelian Notions of Substance in Basil of Caesarea," Vigiliae Christianae 52 (1998): 393-417.
Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church) by Saint Basil of Caesarea