By John E. Proctor, Daniel Melendrez Armada, Aravind Vijayaraghavan
"This publication introduces the reader to the technological know-how of graphene and carbon nanotubes. The reader will achieve the fundamental clinical wisdom to seriously overview the claims made within the literature and within the public area concerning the actual homes and power for purposes of graphene and carbon nanotubes. moreover, the ebook makes use of those uncomplicated platforms as very good types to illustrate vital ideas in reliable nation physics and fabrics chemistry to the reader. The publication is co-authored via one of many leaders in public engagement on the nationwide Graphene Institute at Manchester college, which was once based in honour of the Nobel Laureate Sir Andre Geim"-- Read more...
summary: "This e-book introduces the reader to the technological know-how of graphene and carbon nanotubes. The reader will achieve the elemental clinical wisdom to severely overview the claims made within the literature and within the public area in regards to the actual houses and power for purposes of graphene and carbon nanotubes. furthermore, the e-book makes use of those uncomplicated structures as very good types to illustrate very important suggestions in good country physics and fabrics chemistry to the reader. The publication is co-authored by means of one of many leaders in public engagement on the nationwide Graphene Institute at Manchester college, which used to be based in honour of the Nobel Laureate Sir Andre Geim"
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Extra resources for An introduction to graphene and carbon nanotubes
The valence electrons can therefore exist partially occupying the 2s orbital and partially occupying in the 2p orbital. The wave functions of these electrons are called hybridized atomic orbitals and the phenomenon is called orbital hybridization. The hybridized atomic orbitals are formed so that the electron wave function can be the right shape to then form molecular orbitals for a desired bonding geometry, for example, the bonding in graphene or diamond. The 2s orbital is a single wave function Ψ(2s) which can be occupied by two electrons with opposing spins.
Rev. B 58, 16396 (1998). Scientific Background on the Nobel Prize in Physics 2010, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2010). 29. ES Reich, Nature 468, 486 (2010). 30. , Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1265 (2004). 31. , Nature 438, 197 (2005). Y Zhang, Y-W Tan, HL Stormer and P Kim, Nature 438, 201 (2005). 33. , Science 315, 1379 (2007). 34. C Lee, X Wei, JW Kysar and J Hone, Science 321, 5887 (2008). 2 Interatomic Bonding in Graphene and Diamond In order to understand the unique, and important, m echanical and electronic properties of graphene and carbon nanotubes, it is essential to obtain a thorough knowledge of the nature of the interatomic bonding in graphene.
Whilst the hybridization in single-walled nanotubes has a very small sp3 component , fullerenes have a much larger sp3 component as may be expected from the larger curvature ( of Chapter 1). References 1. MJS Dewar, The Molecular Orbital Theory of Organic Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, New York (1969). 2. M Born and R Oppenheimer, Annalen der Physik 389, 457 (1927). 3. RS Mulliken, Nobel Prize Lecture (1966). 4. K. (1982). 5. BH Bransden and CJ Joachain, Physics of Atoms and Molecules, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River (1983).
An introduction to graphene and carbon nanotubes by John E. Proctor, Daniel Melendrez Armada, Aravind Vijayaraghavan