By Marilyn J. Landis, Roger Garaudy
The risk and pleasure of Antarctic exploration are unequalled within the annals of experience shuttle. Antarctica: Exploring the intense surveys 4 centuries and forty expeditions to Antarctica, recounting, frequently within the explorers' personal phrases, the wonders and the catastrophes they encountered. extraordinary attractions, hair-raising escapes, and macabre deaths from storms and scurvy attended Ferdinand Magellan's 1520 passage throughout the southern straits and Captain John Biscoe's 1830 Antarctic circumnavigation. Nineteenth-century sealing and whaling expeditions from worldwide are chronicled, and Ernest Shackleton's, Roald Amundsen's, and Robert Scott's anguishing trials of physique and spirit of their separate struggles to arrive the South Pole early within the twentieth century are unique. a last part describes Antarctica at the present time, detailing the flora and fauna and geology of a sector that's drawing more and more viewers who, just like the adventurers prior to them, are fascinated about the isolation, attractiveness, and problem of the continent.
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Additional info for Antarctica: Exploring the Extreme: 400 Years of Adventure
Palmer sailed from Rugged Island on November 14, and by evening he sighted Deception Island. The next day Palmer entered a narrow passage later called Neptune’s Bellows and explored a large protected bay. ” Later that day, Palmer sailed from Deception Island southward in clear weather. Eight hours later Trinity Island, ﬂanked by the precipitous mountains of the Antarctic Peninsula, was in full view. ” The channel Palmer found was later named Orleans Strait. Ice—and the absence of seals—dissuaded him from further exploration, and he headed north to search for a safe harbor for the American ﬂeet.
For the next 125 years, controversy raged and slanderous aspersions were hurled on both sides of the Atlantic. Tales of forgery, insidious plots, and character assassinations appeared in journals and newspapers. The achievements of Bransﬁeld and Palmer were ruthlessly maligned—a fate neither man deserved. Eyewitness accounts from Bransﬁeld’s expedition were published in 1822 and, more important, his original chart still exists. Nowadays most historians credit Bransﬁeld with the discovery of the Antarctic Peninsula—but not the continent.
Albatross and penguin eggs were snatched from nests in the tussock grass. The sealers ﬁshed with hooks whittled from bones and boiled bitter-tasting plants to disguise the pungent ﬂavor of seal and blubber soups. Blood, they discovered, was a good solvent for dissolving the layers of soot and grease from clothes and bodies. When no more seals hauled out on the beaches, the men scanned the horizon, waiting for their ships to return for the piles of sealskins and casks of oil. Sometimes the sealers waited for years.
Antarctica: Exploring the Extreme: 400 Years of Adventure by Marilyn J. Landis, Roger Garaudy